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Sunday Times Wrong On Mental Health And Cannabis

The News Review:- Sunday Times Wrong On Mental Health And Cannabis- Siskiyou County bust yields 457 pounds of marijuana in two cars- Cannabis issue comes up again Sunday Times Wrong On Mental Health And CannabisScoop.co.nz - Scoop.co.nz (press release) - Sep 21, 2005The story has been so structured as to make acase about cannabis-related psychosis based on informationthe paper claims came from Addaction, but which did not comefrom the charity. In 2004-5 Addaction which collects dataon numbers of young people seen in its youngaddactionservices, saw 1,575 young people who came to Addaction fortreatment for drug misuse. Addaction collected data on cannabis use. But Addaction is not a mental health charityand is not qualified to treat psychosis. RosieBrocklehurst, Director of Communications at Addaction said:”The subject of cannabis-related psychosis is a very serioussubject and the report in the Sunday Times made seriousclaims, based on no evidence supplied by us. We suspect thestory was influenced by the Sunday Times wish to write apiece before the imminent deliberations by the AdvisoryCouncil on the Misuse of Drugs. The ACMD will be reviewingthe scientific evidence on cannabis use and misuse and willbe making recommendations to the Government in the light ofthose deliberations…RosieBrocklehurst, Director of Communications at Addaction said:”The subject of cannabis-related psychosis is a very serioussubject and the report in the Sunday Times made seriousclaims, based on no evidence supplied by us. We suspect thestory was influenced by the Sunday Times wish to write apiece before the imminent deliberations by the AdvisoryCouncil on the Misuse of Drugs. The ACMD will be reviewingthe scientific evidence on cannabis use and misuse and willbe making recommendations to the Government in the light ofthose deliberations. “If Addaction had such evidence wewould have been sure to let the Advisory Council on theMisuse of Drugs know about it, ” said Rosie Brocklehurst. “If we had such evidence as the paper claims, it would havemade the front pages of every national newspaper in thecountry. But we do not have such evidence,” she added. “Thisreport on Page 7 of the paper was a distortion and factuallywrong.Siskiyou County bust yields 457 pounds of marijuana in two carsMail Tribune - Sep 21, 2005Altogether, police seized 457 pounds of marijuana and more than $600 cash from the vehicles. AdvertisementDeputies later located and arrested Jesus Paris Avendado, 19, of Yreka, who is believed to have been an occupant of the Mitsubishi, police said. Avendado and the Aguilars are all being held in the Siskiyou County Jail on charges of possession of marijuana for sale and possessing concentrated cannabis. Bail is set at $25,000. Gravenkamp said detectives are investigating whether the marijuana grow in western Siskiyou County is connected to a larger operation.Cannabis issue comes up againNewstalk ZB - Sep 21, 2005Fiji rugby has banned winger Vilimoni Delasau for a year after he tested positive for cannabis use in June. He received only a small fine and brief suspension from the NZRU. This has brought the whole cannabis issue back into the limelight and whether it should be on the banned performance enhancing list. New Zealand Drugs Agency boss Graham Steele says they actually believe it should not be on the list, but the world chiefs at WADA believe otherwise for 2006…Fiji rugby has banned winger Vilimoni Delasau for a year after he tested positive for cannabis use in June. He received only a small fine and brief suspension from the NZRU. This has brought the whole cannabis issue back into the limelight and whether it should be on the banned performance enhancing list. New Zealand Drugs Agency boss Graham Steele says they actually believe it should not be on the list, but the world chiefs at WADA believe otherwise for 2006. Steele says WADA is meeting at the moment to confirm the list for next year, with cannabis remaining on the draft documents he has seen. Graham Steele says he fully understands that a number of young athletes wreck their careers with cannabis, but the NZSDA still believes it does not belong on the performance enhancing list. Share this Article:.

Cannabis Reproduction

Cannabis is predominantly dioecious, although many monoecious varieties have been described. Subdioecy (the occurrence of monoecious individuals and dioecious individuals within the same population) is widespread. Many populations have been described as sexually labile.As a result of intensive selection in cultivation, Cannabis exhibits many sexual phenotypes that can be described in terms of the ratio of female to male flowers occurring in the individual, or typical in the cultivar. Dioecious varieties are preferred for drug production, where the female plants are preferred. Dioecious varieties are also preferred for textile fiber production, whereas monoecious varieties are preferred for pulp and paper production. It has been suggested that the presence of monoecy can be used to differentiate between licit crops of monoecious hemp and illicit dioecious drug crops.Mechanisms of sex determinationCannabis has been described as having one of the most complicated mechanisms of sex determination among the dioecious plants. Many models have been proposed to explain sex determination in Cannabis.Based on studies of sex reversal in hemp, it was first reported by K. Hirata in 1924 that an XY sex-determination system is present. At the time, the XY system was the only known system of sex determination. The X:A system was first described in Drosophila spp in 1925. Soon thereafter, Schaffner disputed Hirata’s interpretation, and published results from his own studies of sex reversal in hemp, concluding that an X:A system was in use and that furthermore sex was strongly influenced by environmental conditions.Since then, many different types of sex determination systems have been discovered, particularly in plants. Dioecy is relatively uncommon in the plant kingdom, and a very low percentage of dioecious plant species have been determined to use the XY system. In most cases where the XY system is found it is believed to have evolved recently and independently.Since the 1920s, a number of sex determination models have been proposed for Cannabis. Ainsworth describes sex determination in the genus as using “an X/autosome dosage type”.Dense raceme of carpellate flowers typical of drug-type varieties of CannabisThe question of whether heteromorphic sex chromosomes are indeed present is most conveniently answered if such chromosomes were clearly visible in a karyotype. Cannabis was one of the first plant species to be karyotyped; however, this was in a period when karyotype preparation was primitive by modern standards (see History of Cytogenetics). Heteromorphic sex chromosomes were reported to occur in staminate individuals of dioecious “Kentucky” hemp, but were not found in pistillate individuals of the same variety. Dioecious “Kentucky” hemp was assumed to use an XY mechanism. Heterosomes were not observed in analyzed individuals of monoecious “Kentucky” hemp, nor in an unidentified German cultivar. These varieties were assumed to have sex chromosome composition XX. According to other researchers, no modern karyotype of Cannabis had been published as of 1996. Proponents of the XY system state that Y chromosome is slightly larger than the X, but difficult to differentiate cytologically.More recently, Sakamoto and various co-authors have used RAPD to isolate several genetic marker sequences that they name Male-Associated DNA in Cannabis (MADC), and which they interpret as indirect evidence of a male chromosome. Several other research groups have reported identification of male-associated markers using RAPD and AFLP. Ainsworth commented on these findings, stating,It is not surprising that male-associated markers are relatively abundant. In dioecious plants where sex chromosomes have not been identified, markers for maleness indicate either the presence of sex chromosomes which have not been distinguished by cytological methods or that the marker is tightly linked to a gene involved in sex determination.Environmental sex determination is known to occur in a variety of species. Many researchers have suggested that sex in Cannabis is determined or strongly influenced by environmental factors. Ainsworth reviews that treatment with auxin and ethylene have feminizing effects, and that treatment with cytokinins and gibberellins have masculinizing effects. It has been reported that sex can be reversed in Cannabis using chemical treatment. A PCR-based method for the detection of female-associated DNA polymorphisms by genotyping has been developed.

CBD in Headache - Can Cannabidiol Help with Migraine?

Around 54 million Germans suffer phases of headache at some point in their lives. With a share of 90 percent, tension headaches and migraines are most common. Although over-the-counter analgesics are usually the first attempt at therapy, they also bring with them unpleasant side effects. Whether CBD oil can serve as an alternative or a supplement here is explained below: What types of headaches are there?Linguistically, we make few differences between different types of headaches - but medically there are clear classifications. First of all, experts distinguish between primary headache, which stands alone as a symptom, and secondary headache, which is a symptom of comorbidities. Common types of headaches are the following: Tension headache: The pain does not pulsate, but pushes and cramps the sides of the head. Often the pain occurs in symmetrical patterns. Tension headaches are not associated with nausea and vomiting.Migraine: Here the pain occurs unilaterally and pulsates. Physical activity aggravates the symptoms. Those affected also suffer from sensitivity to light and noise, nausea and vomiting.Cluster headache: Here, the pain attacks occur up to 8 times a day in a duration of 15 minutes to 3 hours. Those affected suffer from unilateral pain, usually in the eye area, and have the urge to move. Reddened, watery eyes and a runny or stuffy nose are further side effects.CBD in migraine - many sufferers recommend cannabidiolEspecially on the Internet, there are several reports from migraine sufferers who report that CBD significantly improved their quality of life. In contrast, the picture is not so clear in research: Although some study results suggest that medical cannabis could alleviate migraine, the studies for CBD as a single preparation are lacking. In 2016, however, some scientists put forward a thesis that wants to explain not only the pain in migraine, but also the symptoms of fibromyalgia and irritable bowel syndrome. According to them, all symptoms could be due to a lack of body-produced cannabinoids (endocannabinoids). The syndrome is therefore called chronic cannabinoid deficiency (CED = Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency Syndrome).  The supply of herbal cannabinoids from the outside, especially CBD, could reduce the symptoms of migraine, according to the researchers. Including all studies to date indicates that cannabinoids, especially THC and CBD, have beneficial effects in the treatment of pain. In particular, this also applies to migraine and other types of headache.  For tension-type headaches, CBD may also be suitable for the causes. Because these headaches often result from the tension of the neck or masticatory muscles. These muscles harden when we work many hours a day in front of the computer and also with people who grind their teeth at night. Here, stress can be a triggering factor. Relaxation techniques, sports as well as natural dietary supplements such as CBD are suitable as preventative measures. The fact that cannabidiol can reduce anxiety and stress, especially in public situations, proved the results of scientific studies several times.  What are the benefits of CBD as a dietary supplement?Many headache sufferers often resort to over-the-counter analgesics such as acetylsalicylic acid and ibuprofen. In particular, the latter carries the risk of stomach pain and in the worst case even stomach bleeding. Therefore, medics usually prescribe the analgesic only in concert with a gastric acid blocker (e.g., omeprazole). Migraine sufferers who prescribe painkillers themselves, however, often do not think of the possible side effects. CBD is in its form as a dietary supplement, however, free of side effects. His tolerated maximum dose is, according to scientific experiments, well beyond the dosage recommendations of the manufacturers. Who wants to try as a headache patient to increase his well-being with CBD, must therefore not worry about possible risks and side effects. With one exception: If you take medications prescribed by the doctor due to migraine or other underlying conditions, you should ask a physician for possible interactions with CBD. Source: CBD bei Kopfschmerzen – kann Cannabidiol bei Migräne helfen? 1 [online]. Jun 3, 2019. Dostupné z: https://fivebloom.de/blogs/cbd-news/kann-cannabidiol-bei-migrane-helfen source photo: https://pixabay.com/cs/