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Sunday Times Wrong On Mental Health And Cannabis

The News Review:- Sunday Times Wrong On Mental Health And Cannabis- Siskiyou County bust yields 457 pounds of marijuana in two cars- Cannabis issue comes up again Sunday Times Wrong On Mental Health And CannabisScoop.co.nz - Scoop.co.nz (press release) - Sep 21, 2005The story has been so structured as to make acase about cannabis-related psychosis based on informationthe paper claims came from Addaction, but which did not comefrom the charity. In 2004-5 Addaction which collects dataon numbers of young people seen in its youngaddactionservices, saw 1,575 young people who came to Addaction fortreatment for drug misuse. Addaction collected data on cannabis use. But Addaction is not a mental health charityand is not qualified to treat psychosis. RosieBrocklehurst, Director of Communications at Addaction said:”The subject of cannabis-related psychosis is a very serioussubject and the report in the Sunday Times made seriousclaims, based on no evidence supplied by us. We suspect thestory was influenced by the Sunday Times wish to write apiece before the imminent deliberations by the AdvisoryCouncil on the Misuse of Drugs. The ACMD will be reviewingthe scientific evidence on cannabis use and misuse and willbe making recommendations to the Government in the light ofthose deliberations…RosieBrocklehurst, Director of Communications at Addaction said:”The subject of cannabis-related psychosis is a very serioussubject and the report in the Sunday Times made seriousclaims, based on no evidence supplied by us. We suspect thestory was influenced by the Sunday Times wish to write apiece before the imminent deliberations by the AdvisoryCouncil on the Misuse of Drugs. The ACMD will be reviewingthe scientific evidence on cannabis use and misuse and willbe making recommendations to the Government in the light ofthose deliberations. “If Addaction had such evidence wewould have been sure to let the Advisory Council on theMisuse of Drugs know about it, ” said Rosie Brocklehurst. “If we had such evidence as the paper claims, it would havemade the front pages of every national newspaper in thecountry. But we do not have such evidence,” she added. “Thisreport on Page 7 of the paper was a distortion and factuallywrong.Siskiyou County bust yields 457 pounds of marijuana in two carsMail Tribune - Sep 21, 2005Altogether, police seized 457 pounds of marijuana and more than $600 cash from the vehicles. AdvertisementDeputies later located and arrested Jesus Paris Avendado, 19, of Yreka, who is believed to have been an occupant of the Mitsubishi, police said. Avendado and the Aguilars are all being held in the Siskiyou County Jail on charges of possession of marijuana for sale and possessing concentrated cannabis. Bail is set at $25,000. Gravenkamp said detectives are investigating whether the marijuana grow in western Siskiyou County is connected to a larger operation.Cannabis issue comes up againNewstalk ZB - Sep 21, 2005Fiji rugby has banned winger Vilimoni Delasau for a year after he tested positive for cannabis use in June. He received only a small fine and brief suspension from the NZRU. This has brought the whole cannabis issue back into the limelight and whether it should be on the banned performance enhancing list. New Zealand Drugs Agency boss Graham Steele says they actually believe it should not be on the list, but the world chiefs at WADA believe otherwise for 2006…Fiji rugby has banned winger Vilimoni Delasau for a year after he tested positive for cannabis use in June. He received only a small fine and brief suspension from the NZRU. This has brought the whole cannabis issue back into the limelight and whether it should be on the banned performance enhancing list. New Zealand Drugs Agency boss Graham Steele says they actually believe it should not be on the list, but the world chiefs at WADA believe otherwise for 2006. Steele says WADA is meeting at the moment to confirm the list for next year, with cannabis remaining on the draft documents he has seen. Graham Steele says he fully understands that a number of young athletes wreck their careers with cannabis, but the NZSDA still believes it does not belong on the performance enhancing list. Share this Article:.

City, county officers harvest marijuana crop

The News Review:- City, county officers harvest marijuana crop- Relatively Peaceful Weekend for UCPD, IVFP as SB Students Return- Update: D’Angelo Okay After Virginia Car Crash- DEAD IN JAIL- Japanese Marine Sells Drug On Internet- Rhode Island news | projo.com | The Providence Journal | Northwest- Anti-War Voices from Montana City, county officers harvest marijuana cropPrinceton Times Leader - Sep 26, 2005Eric Smith display the 13 marijuana plants seized in connection with a Donaldson Road investigation. The marijuana carries a street value of about $26,000, officers said. Monday, September 26, 2005The year’s first major marijuana harvest by county law enforcement officers occurred Thursday morning, near an abandoned trailer on Donaldson Road, north of Princeton. Deputy Brock Thomas said the find came at about 11 a. Thursday, after he, Princeton Police Det. Eric Smith and Probation and Parole Officer Chris Holt traveled to that area to execute a search warrant… Eric Smith and Probation and Parole Officer Chris Holt traveled to that area to execute a search warrant. Investigation led the officers to an abandoned trailer in the 1200 block of Donaldson Road. Inside the trailer, they found a small amount of loose marijuana in a cigar box. Several items of drug paraphernalia were also found inside the trailer, Thomas said. A search of the surrounding property led to the discovery of 13 growing marijuana plants nearby. Ten were found growing in a fencerow about 200 yards from the trailer, and three more were located in a barn about 500 yards away, he said. Each plant had an estimated street value of $2,000, said Sheriff Stan Hudson, giving the haul a total value of $26,000, not including the value of the loose marijuana inside the residence.Relatively Peaceful Weekend for UCPD, IVFP as SB Students ReturnDaily Nexus - Sep 26, 2005, as well as a 24-year-old man on Mesa Road. Signa said there were a few more citations over the weekend than last year, but overall the UCPD did not have too many problems over the weekend. “There were a few more marijuana citations than last year, but other than that it was a calm start of the school year,” Signa said. “None of the UCPD officers worked overtime. ” UCPD officers also issued five citations for possession of marijuana, four of which were given to high school students from the Thousand Oaks area, Signa said. The students were smoking marijuana in a UCSB parking lot on Saturday at 1 p… “There were a few more marijuana citations than last year, but other than that it was a calm start of the school year,” Signa said. “None of the UCPD officers worked overtime. ” UCPD officers also issued five citations for possession of marijuana, four of which were given to high school students from the Thousand Oaks area, Signa said. The students were smoking marijuana in a UCSB parking lot on Saturday at 1 p. Officers also cited three of the students for violating the Santa Barbara County 10 p.Update: D’Angelo Okay After Virginia Car CrashBillboard - Sep 26, 2005Just prior to the accident, D’Angelo was given a three-year suspended sentence after pleading no contest to felony cocaine possession in Chesterfield Circuit Court. As previously reported, he was arrested near Richmond in January after police found marijuana and cocaine in his car during a traffic stop. CM8ShowAd(”Middle”); D’Angelo received a 100-day suspended sentence in April stemming from the marijuana and driving under the influence charges.DEAD IN JAILWashington Post - Sep 26, 2005jail for lack of a respirator. Why was he in jail?: He smoked marijuana to alleviate his suffering. residents (citizens is too elevated a word) had the democratic rights of, say, Basra, medical cannabis would be legal and.Japanese Marine Sells Drug On InternetBernama - Sep 26, 2005The police have arrested eight people involved, including six servicemen belonging to a submarine unit based in Yokosuka City, Kanagawa Prefecture, the leading daily said. They were suspected of possessing illegal drugs like marijuana and MDMA. Among the arrested was 22-year-old Takahiro Sakaguchi, who had been indicted by the police for transferring drugs. The police said Sakaguchi was selling drugs through the Internet for months. The marijuana was supplied by his brother living in the northern Hokkaido Prefecture where wild marijuana grows. They also have found at his home receipts suspected to come from drug transactions… Among the arrested was 22-year-old Takahiro Sakaguchi, who had been indicted by the police for transferring drugs. The police said Sakaguchi was selling drugs through the Internet for months. The marijuana was supplied by his brother living in the northern Hokkaido Prefecture where wild marijuana grows. They also have found at his home receipts suspected to come from drug transactions. The MSDF has set up a special task force to investigate the incident. — BERNAMA We provide (subscription-based) news coverage in our.Rhode Island news | projo.com | The Providence Journal | NorthwestProvidence Journal - Providence Journal (subscription) - Sep 26, 2005The next day, public safety officers reported that they found O’Keefe smoking marijuana in his dorm room. That brought about another appearance before Judge Higgins, in which police accused O’Keefe of violating the terms of his release the day before. The suspect pleaded guilty to possessing cannabis. Higgins sentenced him to a year of probation, ordered him to pay court costs and undergo substance-abuse counseling. He also revoked the personal bail in the first case and set bail at $7,500, which O’Keefe posted.Anti-War Voices from MontanaAlterNet - Sep 26, 2005Democratic Governor Brian Schweitzer won a closely watched, highly publicized race in November, making him the state’s first Democratic governor since 1988. During that same election, 62 percent of Montana voters approved a medical marijuana initiative, the 11th state in the country — and the ninth Western state — to do so. The Schweitzer and medical marijuana victories came even as Montanans voted by wide margins to ban gay marriage and reelect George W. Bush for President. The state’s progressives are also proud of the fact that Jeannette Rankin, a Missoula, Montana native, was the first woman ever elected to Congress in 1916, four years before women nationwide won the right to vote. In 1917, Rankin joined a handful of representatives who voted against World War I, saying that the first time the first woman had a chance to say no against war she should say it. ” In 1941, Rankin was the only member of Congress to vote against World War II.

Cannabis Etymology

The plant name cannabis is from Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis), via Latin cannabis, originally a Scythian or Thracian word, also loaned into Persian as kanab. English hemp (Old English hænep) may be an early loan (predating Grimm’s Law) from the same source. In Hebrew the word is קַנַּבּוֹס [qan:a'bos].The further origin of the Scythian term is uncertain, although it is possible that it traces back to the Assyrian word ‘qunubu’ (way to produce smoke) which was used to refer to the plant.

Cannabis Reproduction

Cannabis is predominantly dioecious, although many monoecious varieties have been described. Subdioecy (the occurrence of monoecious individuals and dioecious individuals within the same population) is widespread. Many populations have been described as sexually labile.As a result of intensive selection in cultivation, Cannabis exhibits many sexual phenotypes that can be described in terms of the ratio of female to male flowers occurring in the individual, or typical in the cultivar. Dioecious varieties are preferred for drug production, where the female plants are preferred. Dioecious varieties are also preferred for textile fiber production, whereas monoecious varieties are preferred for pulp and paper production. It has been suggested that the presence of monoecy can be used to differentiate between licit crops of monoecious hemp and illicit dioecious drug crops.Mechanisms of sex determinationCannabis has been described as having one of the most complicated mechanisms of sex determination among the dioecious plants. Many models have been proposed to explain sex determination in Cannabis.Based on studies of sex reversal in hemp, it was first reported by K. Hirata in 1924 that an XY sex-determination system is present. At the time, the XY system was the only known system of sex determination. The X:A system was first described in Drosophila spp in 1925. Soon thereafter, Schaffner disputed Hirata’s interpretation, and published results from his own studies of sex reversal in hemp, concluding that an X:A system was in use and that furthermore sex was strongly influenced by environmental conditions.Since then, many different types of sex determination systems have been discovered, particularly in plants. Dioecy is relatively uncommon in the plant kingdom, and a very low percentage of dioecious plant species have been determined to use the XY system. In most cases where the XY system is found it is believed to have evolved recently and independently.Since the 1920s, a number of sex determination models have been proposed for Cannabis. Ainsworth describes sex determination in the genus as using “an X/autosome dosage type”.Dense raceme of carpellate flowers typical of drug-type varieties of CannabisThe question of whether heteromorphic sex chromosomes are indeed present is most conveniently answered if such chromosomes were clearly visible in a karyotype. Cannabis was one of the first plant species to be karyotyped; however, this was in a period when karyotype preparation was primitive by modern standards (see History of Cytogenetics). Heteromorphic sex chromosomes were reported to occur in staminate individuals of dioecious “Kentucky” hemp, but were not found in pistillate individuals of the same variety. Dioecious “Kentucky” hemp was assumed to use an XY mechanism. Heterosomes were not observed in analyzed individuals of monoecious “Kentucky” hemp, nor in an unidentified German cultivar. These varieties were assumed to have sex chromosome composition XX. According to other researchers, no modern karyotype of Cannabis had been published as of 1996. Proponents of the XY system state that Y chromosome is slightly larger than the X, but difficult to differentiate cytologically.More recently, Sakamoto and various co-authors have used RAPD to isolate several genetic marker sequences that they name Male-Associated DNA in Cannabis (MADC), and which they interpret as indirect evidence of a male chromosome. Several other research groups have reported identification of male-associated markers using RAPD and AFLP. Ainsworth commented on these findings, stating,It is not surprising that male-associated markers are relatively abundant. In dioecious plants where sex chromosomes have not been identified, markers for maleness indicate either the presence of sex chromosomes which have not been distinguished by cytological methods or that the marker is tightly linked to a gene involved in sex determination.Environmental sex determination is known to occur in a variety of species. Many researchers have suggested that sex in Cannabis is determined or strongly influenced by environmental factors. Ainsworth reviews that treatment with auxin and ethylene have feminizing effects, and that treatment with cytokinins and gibberellins have masculinizing effects. It has been reported that sex can be reversed in Cannabis using chemical treatment. A PCR-based method for the detection of female-associated DNA polymorphisms by genotyping has been developed.

Various strains of cannabis

Although there are hundreds of strains of cannabis in existence, there are also many rumors and Gorilla Glue. Many alleged strains, such as Purple Haze, are very predominant in pop-culture (see right), but the actual existence of many of these strains is uncertain and the slang terms used to refer to these strains do not appear to be used by botanists. Some strains, such as Og kush, are acknowledged to be urban legends.Strains of cannabis:Northern LightsWhite WidowGorilla GlueAcapulcoAK47Black CreamBlueberryBrazilianBubble GumEarly PearHawaiianHazeHollands HoopJamaicanOG KushOrange BudPower BudRuderalisSilver HazeSkunkSuper SkunkSome of the strains’ names, such as Chocolate Thai, popular in the early 1990s due to its supposed high potency, entered the mass culture. For example, Chocolate Thai was adopted as a stage name of a jazz performer, whose album The Real McCoy was released in 2006. It should be noted, however, that because there is no manufacturing or state control over the process of production of cannabis, many “strains” may in fact be just marketing brands adopted by drug dealers to increase sales.

Medical marijuana

Medical marijuanaThe medical uses of cannabisApr 27th 2006From The Economist print editionIF CANNABIS were unknown, and bioprospectors were suddenly to find it in some remote mountain crevice, its discovery would no doubt be hailed as a medical breakthrough. Scientists would praise its potential for treating everything from pain to cancer, and marvel at its rich pharmacopoeia—many of whose chemicals mimic vital molecules in the human body. In reality, cannabis has been with humanity for thousands of years and is considered by many governments (notably America’s) to be a dangerous drug without utility. Any suggestion that the plant might be medically useful is politically controversial, whatever the science says. It is in this context that, on April 20th, America’s Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a statement saying that smoked marijuana has no accepted medical use in treatment in the United States… In reality, cannabis has been with humanity for thousands of years and is considered by many governments (notably America’s) to be a dangerous drug without utility. Any suggestion that the plant might be medically useful is politically controversial, whatever the science says. It is in this context that, on April 20th, America’s Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a statement saying that smoked marijuana has no accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. The statement is curious in a number of ways. For one thing, it overlooks a report made in 1999 by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), part of the National Academy of Sciences, which came to a different conclusion. John Benson, a professor of medicine at the University of Nebraska who co-chaired the committee that drew up the report, found some sound scientific information that supports the medical use of cannabis for certain patients for short periods—even for smoked marijuana

Cannabis-related Schizophrenia Set To Rise, Say Researchers

Science Daily - Science Daily (press release) - Mar 26, 2007The research study matches historic trends in cannabis use and exposure from a national population survey against estimates of new occurrences of schizophrenia in three English cities (Nottingham, Bristol and the London Borough of Southwark). The researchers assess what might happen to schizophrenia cases if we assume a causal link between cannabis use and onset of psychotic symptoms, an association widely recognised by some psychiatrists and researchers and considered recently by the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. Exposure to cannabis grew fourfold over the thirty years to 2002, and its use among under-18s by 18-fold, say the researchers. If cannabis use causes schizophrenia, these increases in its use would lead to increases in overall schizophrenia incidence and prevalence of 29 per cent and 12 per cent respectively, between 1990 and 2010. (Incidence is defined as the frequency of new occurrences; and prevalence is the percentage of the population affected by the disease… The research study matches historic trends in cannabis use and exposure from a national population survey against estimates of new occurrences of schizophrenia in three English cities (Nottingham, Bristol and the London Borough of Southwark). The researchers assess what might happen to schizophrenia cases if we assume a causal link between cannabis use and onset of psychotic symptoms, an association widely recognised by some psychiatrists and researchers and considered recently by the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. Exposure to cannabis grew fourfold over the thirty years to 2002, and its use among under-18s by 18-fold, say the researchers. If cannabis use causes schizophrenia, these increases in its use would lead to increases in overall schizophrenia incidence and prevalence of 29 per cent and 12 per cent respectively, between 1990 and 2010. (Incidence is defined as the frequency of new occurrences; and prevalence is the percentage of the population affected by the disease. )Model projections suggest that if the association is confined to heavy cannabis users only, then approximately 10 per cent of schizophrenia cases may be due to cannabis by 2010. However, assuming an association between onset of the disease and both light and heavy users, then approximately one-quarter of new cases could be due to cannabis.

Cannabis bigger cancer risk than cigarettes - study

Reuters AlertNet - Jan 29, 2008Studies in the past have demonstrated that cannabis can cause cancer, but few have established a strong link between cannabis use and the actual incidence of lung cancer. In an article published in the European Respiratory Journal, the scientists said cannabis could be expected to harm the airways more than tobacco as its smoke contained twice the level of carcinogens, such as polyaromatic hydrocarbons, compared with tobacco cigarettes. The method of smoking also increases the risk, since joints are typically smoked without a proper filter and almost to the very tip, which increases the amount of smoke inhaled. The cannabis smoker inhales more deeply and for longer, facilitating the deposition of carcinogens in the airways. "Cannabis smokers end up with five times more carbon monoxide in their bloodstream (than tobacco smokers)," team leader Richard Beasley, at the Medical Research Institute of New Zealand, said in a telephone interview… In an article published in the European Respiratory Journal, the scientists said cannabis could be expected to harm the airways more than tobacco as its smoke contained twice the level of carcinogens, such as polyaromatic hydrocarbons, compared with tobacco cigarettes. The method of smoking also increases the risk, since joints are typically smoked without a proper filter and almost to the very tip, which increases the amount of smoke inhaled. The cannabis smoker inhales more deeply and for longer, facilitating the deposition of carcinogens in the airways. "Cannabis smokers end up with five times more carbon monoxide in their bloodstream (than tobacco smokers)," team leader Richard Beasley, at the Medical Research Institute of New Zealand, said in a telephone interview. "There are higher concentrations of carcinogens in cannabis smoke.

Does cannabidiol have side effects?

For over two years now, products containing the cannabis drug cannabidiol, or CBD for short, are on the rise in the wellness industry. Many users cure small symptoms that accompany their everyday life, or use CBD for relaxation. Others go one step further and treat chronic diseases, in consultation with the doctor of course. In short, cannabidiol is in the process of conquering the healthcare industry. And hardly weeks go by, without new headlines over insights, on which illnesses the active substance which positive influences takes. It often plays a role that CBD as a substance and the medical devices that are produced with it, such as tinctures and oils, much better tolerated than the chemical drugs that are replaced by cannabidiol in whole or in part. But is CBD really free of side effects? Are there no incompatibilities? How safe is the use of CBD?So far, there is no evidence of an overdose of cannabidiol that poses any serious health risks and that, although there is currently a large body of studies on CBD, also on high dose applications. In contrast to many conventional medicines, CBD is also very well suited for long-term use, as even the consumption over a longer period until date revealed no negative side effects. All in all, CBD is so safe to use that you can not go wrong. Even the WHO certifies that the cannabis drug is safe and has many health benefits. In addition, CBD is not recognized as psychoactive or addictive. Minor side effects of CBDCannabidiol is not one hundred percent free of side effects, although for a therapeutic use, it is usually much less of an evil to the patient than the chemical alternatives that are available to him. Since an effect of cannabidiol is physical relaxation, at high doses naturally a state of drowsiness can be the result. Here, CBD has a peculiarity, as low doses may be more activating and may increase alertness, while high doses cause calming effects. In some patients, diarrhea and changes in eating habits were noted as negative side effects. Longer-term intake may therefore result in a reduction in body weight. This usually affects high-dose revenue, or poor quality of the oils. Mutual interactions of CBDThe knowledge of interactions is much worse than the side effects of CBD alone. Since cannabidiol is only finding its way into modern medicine, it will need to be further investigated in the coming years. Recently, for example, warned against the parallel intake of CBD with certain thrombosis prophylactic drugs, which are administered to patients, among other things, some craniocerebral trauma, since the cannabidiol may enhance the anticoagulant effect of the preparations, and in some patients by internal Bleeding caused. Therefore, if you are interested in treatment with CBD, it is also advisable to consult the doctor, if possible a knowledgeable, if you take other medicines. Source: KLAUS GLASMANN, Dieter. Hat Cannabidiol Nebenwirkungen?, 30 oct, 2018. Dostupné z: https://www.hanf-magazin.com/medizin/cannabinoide/cbd-in-der-medizin/hat-cannabidiol-nebenwirkungen/ source photo: https://pixabay.com/cs/  

How anyone can benefit from CBD

When talking about CBD, it quickly indicates the manifold medical potential. The use of cannabidiol is by no means limited to people with health problems. Although the cannabinoid has a promising medicinal effect and can significantly increase the well-being, CBD is also excellent for "healthy people". CBD has properties for our body and entire organism that everyone can benefit from. CBD can relieve stress and anxietyBy definition, stress is "a stimulus that is unusually high and can unbalance you, both physically and mentally, and cause damage to your health." Although stress is not automatically a bad thing, it is now considered beneficial for many illnesses and triggers various psychosomatic problems. Nonetheless, feeling about possible stressors is a very individual matter. Whatever the trigger for stress, taking CBD oil can be helpful in creating a healthy mind. Home »Cannabis in Medicine» Cannabinoids »CBD in Medicine» How Anyone Can Benefit From CBDBy: Christian Boedefeld in CBD in Medicine November 6, 2018 0 6,562 views How anyone can benefit from CBDThere are more and more large-scale studies on the medical effect of CBD with meaningful results. The World Health Organization WHO has declared cannabidiol harmless and in many countries the use of CBD as a dietary supplement is legal. When talking about CBD, it quickly indicates the manifold medical potential. The use of cannabidiol is by no means limited to people with health problems. Although the cannabinoid has a promising medicinal effect and can significantly increase the well-being, CBD is also excellent for "healthy people". CBD has properties for our body and entire organism that everyone can benefit from. CBD can relieve stress and anxietyBy definition, stress is "a stimulus that is unusually high and can unbalance you, both physically and mentally, and cause damage to your health." Although stress is not automatically a bad thing, it is now considered beneficial for many illnesses and triggers various psychosomatic problems. Nonetheless, feeling about possible stressors is a very individual matter. Whatever the trigger for stress, taking CBD oil can be helpful in creating a healthy mind. Regular intake can raise awareness of a healthy lifestyle and help focus on how nutrient-rich and healthy the body is. This not only affects our diet, but also what we feed our minds with. Feeling stressed can lead to anxiety as a result. The calming effect of taking cannabidiol can be a breather in which time to calm down. It clears the mind for ideas to solve the problem, rather than panicking at the thought of it. CBD can relieve chronic painBy acting on our endocannabinoid system, which plays a crucial role in our sense of pain, cannabidiol has a promising potential for relieving pain. The science not only provides a number of evidence for the analgesic effect. Reports indicate that pain can also be prevented. Thanks to the added fatty acids, vitamins and trace elements in CBD oil, the dietary supplement can boost our immune system and make a vital contribution to promoting overall wellbeing. Particularly promising is the use of cannabidiol in inflammatory diseases such as arthritis. CBD can improve memory and concentration abilityMany of the CB1 receptors of our endogenous cannabinoid system are found in our brains and are important for our memory. Added to this are the unsaturated fatty acids contained in CBD oil, such as omega-3. They play a crucial role in the functions of the brain and nerve cells. In addition, omega-3 fatty acids are anti-inflammatory. CBD can restore balanceThat does not sound very spectacular at first. However, when we feel unbalanced, it can have a significant impact on our everyday lives. One of CBD's tasks is the recovery of this homeostasis, which starts in the mind. CBD can improve sleepWhen stress and feelings of anxiety are relieved, the mind is free for other thoughts and we can sleep peacefully at night. Stress increases the heartbeat and through constant mental games we often find it not only at night no peace. Insufficient sleep can make you lethargic and frustrated and sabotage a well-regulated routine. The calming effect of CBD can make it easier to fall asleep and thus make an important contribution to regeneration. In addition, the intake can become a ritual for the conclusion of the day. CBD can reduce inflammation and improve the immune systemCannabidiol has certain anti-inflammatory properties that can help our body fight inflammation. In addition, inflammation can be excellently prevented. This mechanism is crucial, especially when used in the context of inflammatory diseases. Another important role for our cells is the chlorophyll contained in CBD oil. It supports regeneration and strengthens the defense against hazardous substances. In addition, studies provide evidence that CBD slows down the breakdown of bone tissue and promotes firmness and growth. For the best possible effect, regular intake is important. Our endocannabinoid system is important for many functions and physiological regulatory mechanisms of our body. If this homeostasis is disturbed, it can have various effects. After all, our endogenous cannabinoid system is responsible, among other things, for the immune system, the regulation of pain and inflammation or our memory. Regular intake of CBD oil, for example, helps to protect or restore this balance. It is difficult to provide a dosage recommendation in this regard. The effect of substances is a very individual thing that varies from person to person. Using the example of a CBD oil with an active substance concentration of 5%, it makes the most sense to approach the respective individual optimal dose in small steps. It is best to start with one drop in the morning, at noon and in the evening and observe the effect. Source: BOEDEFELD, Christian. Wie jedermann von CBD profitieren kann. 6 Nov, 2018. Dostupné z: https://www.hanf-magazin.com/medizin/cannabinoide/cbd-in-der-medizin/wie-jedermann-von-cbd-profitieren-kann/ source photo: https://pixabay.com/cs/

Study demonstrates potential of CBD in chronic pain

Following the legalization of cannabis in Canada in October, a team of scientists from the McGill University Health Center (MUHC) and McGill University in Montreal delivered encouraging news for chronic pain patients by evaluating the effective dose of cannabidiol marijuana plant extract (CBD) for safe pain relief without the psychoactive effects of THC. The results of their study were published in the journal PAIN (The Journal of the International Association for the Study of Pain). CBD is almost free of side effectsCannabis Indica and Sativa are the two most important and best-known cannabis strains, as they produce the pharmacological agents tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). The team of dr. Gabriella Gobbi showed that CBD does not act like THC on the CB1 cannabinoid receptors, but by binding to certain receptors that are involved in symptoms such as anxiety (serotonin 5-HT1A) and pain (vanilloid TRPV1). The researchers were able to find out the exact dosage of CBD that has analgesic and anxiolytic properties without the risk of mental impairment usually caused by THC. However, this dose varies with a few individual factors such as age, weight, physical condition, and some other things. Therefore, it is always advisable to discuss a CBD treatment with a medical purpose always with a doctor, and also to adjust the dosage of CBD preparations with him. Low dosage over a longer periodStudies on chronic pain have found that low doses of CBD administered regularly over a period of at least seven days relieve both pain and anxiety, two symptoms often associated with neuropathic or chronic disease. The lead author of the study, dr. Gobbi, a researcher in the Brain Repair and Integrative Neuroscience (BRaIN) program of the MUHC Research Institute, sees this as progress for the evidence-based use of cannabis in medicine, with CBD being a safe alternative to THC and opioids in chronic pain such as back pain, Sciatica, diabetes, cancer and post-traumatic disorders. Since it is almost impossible to take an overdose that could become a hazard or a health hazard, it can be considered extremely safe and tolerable. More clinical trials requiredThe results illustrate the mechanism of action of CBD and show that it can be used as a drug without the side effects that THC-containing drugs can cause. Despite the widespread use of CBD, there are few robust clinical trials on its medicinal properties. Dr. Gobbi notes that while there are some data showing that CBD provides pain relief to humans, more meaningful clinical trials are needed to ensure the correct form and dose of CBD treatment for many diseases. Source: GLASMANN, Dieter Klaus. Studie weist Potential von CBD bei chronischen Schmerzen nach. 1 [online] 2018. Dostupné z: https://www.hanf-magazin.com/medizin/cannabinoide/cbd-in-der-medizin/studie-weist-potential-von-cbd-bei-chronischen-schmerzen-nach/ source photo: https://pixabay.com/cs/

CBD in Headache - Can Cannabidiol Help with Migraine?

Around 54 million Germans suffer phases of headache at some point in their lives. With a share of 90 percent, tension headaches and migraines are most common. Although over-the-counter analgesics are usually the first attempt at therapy, they also bring with them unpleasant side effects. Whether CBD oil can serve as an alternative or a supplement here is explained below: What types of headaches are there?Linguistically, we make few differences between different types of headaches - but medically there are clear classifications. First of all, experts distinguish between primary headache, which stands alone as a symptom, and secondary headache, which is a symptom of comorbidities. Common types of headaches are the following: Tension headache: The pain does not pulsate, but pushes and cramps the sides of the head. Often the pain occurs in symmetrical patterns. Tension headaches are not associated with nausea and vomiting.Migraine: Here the pain occurs unilaterally and pulsates. Physical activity aggravates the symptoms. Those affected also suffer from sensitivity to light and noise, nausea and vomiting.Cluster headache: Here, the pain attacks occur up to 8 times a day in a duration of 15 minutes to 3 hours. Those affected suffer from unilateral pain, usually in the eye area, and have the urge to move. Reddened, watery eyes and a runny or stuffy nose are further side effects.CBD in migraine - many sufferers recommend cannabidiolEspecially on the Internet, there are several reports from migraine sufferers who report that CBD significantly improved their quality of life. In contrast, the picture is not so clear in research: Although some study results suggest that medical cannabis could alleviate migraine, the studies for CBD as a single preparation are lacking. In 2016, however, some scientists put forward a thesis that wants to explain not only the pain in migraine, but also the symptoms of fibromyalgia and irritable bowel syndrome. According to them, all symptoms could be due to a lack of body-produced cannabinoids (endocannabinoids). The syndrome is therefore called chronic cannabinoid deficiency (CED = Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency Syndrome).  The supply of herbal cannabinoids from the outside, especially CBD, could reduce the symptoms of migraine, according to the researchers. Including all studies to date indicates that cannabinoids, especially THC and CBD, have beneficial effects in the treatment of pain. In particular, this also applies to migraine and other types of headache.  For tension-type headaches, CBD may also be suitable for the causes. Because these headaches often result from the tension of the neck or masticatory muscles. These muscles harden when we work many hours a day in front of the computer and also with people who grind their teeth at night. Here, stress can be a triggering factor. Relaxation techniques, sports as well as natural dietary supplements such as CBD are suitable as preventative measures. The fact that cannabidiol can reduce anxiety and stress, especially in public situations, proved the results of scientific studies several times.  What are the benefits of CBD as a dietary supplement?Many headache sufferers often resort to over-the-counter analgesics such as acetylsalicylic acid and ibuprofen. In particular, the latter carries the risk of stomach pain and in the worst case even stomach bleeding. Therefore, medics usually prescribe the analgesic only in concert with a gastric acid blocker (e.g., omeprazole). Migraine sufferers who prescribe painkillers themselves, however, often do not think of the possible side effects. CBD is in its form as a dietary supplement, however, free of side effects. His tolerated maximum dose is, according to scientific experiments, well beyond the dosage recommendations of the manufacturers. Who wants to try as a headache patient to increase his well-being with CBD, must therefore not worry about possible risks and side effects. With one exception: If you take medications prescribed by the doctor due to migraine or other underlying conditions, you should ask a physician for possible interactions with CBD. Source: CBD bei Kopfschmerzen – kann Cannabidiol bei Migräne helfen? 1 [online]. Jun 3, 2019. Dostupné z: https://fivebloom.de/blogs/cbd-news/kann-cannabidiol-bei-migrane-helfen source photo: https://pixabay.com/cs/  

CBD for horses - does cannabidiol increase the health of four-legged friends?

Anyone with a pet is worried about their physical well-being on a daily basis. This is especially true for riders and horse owners, who often perform together with their four-legged partner sporting achievements. How CBD products such as CBD oil can increase the well-being of your horse, you will find out below: Which hemp products are horse owners already using?The feeding of hemp products is quite common in the horse scene. Especially popular is cold-pressed hempseed oil, which provides valuable unsaturated fatty acids. Omega 3, Omega 6 and gamma-linolenic acid in the oil mainly exert anti-inflammatory effects and are administered against skin diseases and joint problems. In addition, horse owners have the opportunity to offer her four-legged hemp seeds, hemp leaf powder or hemp pellets as supplementary feed. What advantages does CBD offer?CBD products such as oil or cream have a decisive advantage over hemp seed and hemp seed oil: if they are based on a full-spectrum extract, they contain all cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids of the hemp plant, whereas these only appear in traces in the seed and in the hemp seed oil. However, cannabinoids such as CBD exert strong effects on the immune system of mammals. Horses also have an endocannabinoid system, to whose receptors CBD can bind. Thus, as a single therapy or as a supplement to cold-pressed hemp seed oil, it can alleviate a variety of symptoms typical of horses. Veterinarians use CBD for the treatment of equine diseases only sporadically so far - positive testimonials from dedicated horse owners already exist in large numbers: With which complaints can CBD horses help?Experts advise on CBD products in the following complaints Respiratory diseasesEczema (such as summer eczema) and allergiesOsteoarthritis and joint complaintsinflammatory diseasesSusceptibility to colicdiarrheaMuscular tensionFor better coat health and hoof growthand more  Especially for horses, there are no scientific studies to date that demonstrate the effects of CBD. In dogs, rats, chickens and last but not least in humans, cannabidiol has often demonstrated its ability to regulate inflammatory processes and immune reactions. For example, scientists in rats with arthritis were able to show that the administration of CBD markedly reduced the release of pro-inflammatory signaling substances in the joint fluid. Animals that had CBD balm on the arthritic joints or were given CBD orally showed reduced tenderness and increased mobility after a few days. Scientists also observed similarly positive results in dogs suffering from osteoarthritis who received CBD preparations.  In addition to supporting the joints, CBD can, according to the owners' reports, especially help horses with typical ailments: Many owners of ponies and horses with summer eczema try many therapeutics without success. CBD as a dietary supplement seems to act in many cases acutely and preventively against eczema. Muscle tension can also be eased with CBD Balm. Many horse owners believe not least that cannabidiol can reduce the nervousness and stress of the animals and helps to a more balanced nature. Also in horses that suffer from headshaking syndrome, CBD may bring some improvement. How do I administer CBD to my horse?As the experiments so far show, both CBD balm and CBD oil make sense for horses. While CBD balm can be applied directly to inflamed skin or stressed joints, simply mix CBD oil into your horse's food or sprinkle it on a special treat. Source: CBD für Pferde – steigert Cannabidiol die Gesundheit der Vierbeiner?Mai 10, 2019. Dostupné z: https://fivebloom.de/blogs/cbd-news/cbd-fuer-pferde source photo: https://pixabay.com/cs/

Synthetic cannabinoids

In any case, even partially synthetic cannabinoids are something artificially created, which can have a completely different effect on its starting materials. Accordingly, THC and CBD consist of the same atoms, which are even arranged exactly the same. Only one other double bond is the difference between the two molecules. That alone is enough for THC and CBD to show very big differences and they can not be described as "equal". In part, no THC-containing hemp is grown for the production of the finished drug Dronabinol, since the legal situation does not allow it. It is obtained from fiber hemp CBD, which is converted to THC in the laboratory. This THC would then be identical to the natural product, but would have been partly synthetic or artificial. Spice - herbal mixturesSynthetic cannabinoids were known to the citizens in many countries as well as Germany only with the emergence of the herbal mixture "Spice". The supposedly herb-based effect goes back to synthetic cannabinoids. It is e.g. JWH-018, JWH-019, JWH-073 or CP-47,497, often used in combination and still coming. For legal reasons, once every substance had to be included in the BtMG, making freshly designed synthetic cannabinoids legal. The first ones were already banned in January 2009 in the express procedure. The chemistry labs developed other synthetic cannabinoids that were legal enough to keep the business going. The long-term effects of such barely explored synthetic cannabinoids are not foreseeable and many of these substances are very potent. If the herbal mixtures are already almost illegal, there is no corresponding quality control or approval and consumers can hardly be enlightened. Although not many people actually use these herbal mixtures because of the long known dangers, there are constantly critically over-dosed or even deceased consumers. In Germany, with a change in the law, a substance group ban was made possible, whereby these synthetic cannabinoids are already directly illegal with their development. Synthetic cannabinoids can often be more potent than THCCannabinoids have an effect on the body by attaching to cannabinoid receptors. Different cannabinoids can cause a different stimulus, which can trigger a different reaction by the same receptors. On the one hand, individual cannabinoids may be more difficult to break down and, on the other hand, they may dock much stronger and longer on the cannabinoid receptor. Much less active ingredient can therefore last much longer and much more intense, but at the same time also very different. In many cases, the intoxicating effects of synthetic cannabinoids are anything but pleasant, also because many dose them completely wrong. On the Internet, you can always find people or even users who explain that these synthetic cannabinoids make you mentally broken in a regular consumption. Of course, this is not just due to a wrong handling of these substances. It is also because these are just very harmful. If they are more potent than THC, break down more slowly and dock much longer at the receptors, you will have to wait much longer for the effect to fade off with the wrong dosage. In this longer time damage can be all the easier. Similarly, however, there may be synthetic cannabinoids that are very suitable for recreational use or medical use. There are, after all, hundreds of substances within this group and every few days more. So some synthetic cannabinoids can also enrich our lives and maintain our health. However, before they are used in everyday life, these still young substances need to be sufficiently researched about their effects, their side effects and the hidden risks. The well-intentioned ban should protect us from ourselvesIf someone kisses, whether for fun or medical need, that person does that to himself. So much self-determination should expect every citizen to decide for himself whether he uses marijuana or not. Anyone who gives it to others without their knowledge, or even minors, can at least be prosecuted in the regulated market. Not that, but the black market is the uncontrolled release. The intoxicating effect of marijuana is less the reason than the justification for the ban, which spanned the world rather from economic and racist motivation starting from the US. If this marijuana had not been banned, the governments of the world would have been able to regulate it. That's not possible on the black market. This would mean that many damages that go back to the black market would not even have arisen and that everyone concerned could be cheated out of their freedom of choice. The point is that without the ban on marijuana, hardly anyone would have come up with the idea of ​​camouflaging synthetic cannabinoids as herbal mix in order to make money. And even if so, the state could have intervened regulatively again. So he forbade this spice, or the synthetic cannabinoids found in it. What was the result? New and even more damaging synthetic cannabinoids have been developed to continue to drive out herbal mixtures. So the state forbids us something that is by no means harmless. Drinking coffee, eating chocolate or exercising are also not harmless. The consequence of these prohibitions, however, is that it is bypassed with even more harmful things. These are banned again, which in turn the market offers even more harmful substances. This problem existed even before the advent of Spice with the synthetic party drugs. Instead of a meaningful regulation of the not so questionable substances is more and more prohibited without anyone ceases its consumption. It is only consumed more and more harmful, which means that due to synthetic cannabinoids, people are constantly dying, but natural cannabinoids have not yet been found to kill people worldwide. The substance group ban will not change the problem of synthetic cannabinoids. In some countries, this substance group ban does not exist. From these countries will be sent internationally. German customers also receive mail and feel safe thanks to the Darknet and the crypto currencies. Source: BRUNGERT, Robert. Synthetische Cannabinoide, 27 May 2018 Dostupné z: https://www.hanf-magazin.com/medizin/cannabinoide/synthetische-cannabinoide Source photo: https://pixabay.com/cs/

CBD in atopic dermatitis

Neurodermatitis sets in from the point where the epidermal skin barrier is broken by injury or irritation. Allergens are more common and cause defense reactions. These have inflammatory and itchy effects, further scratching the epidermal skin barrier and allowing even more allergens to invade. The treatment aims to soothe the skin so that the epidermal skin barrier to the body works as well as possible. Since atopic eczema is intensified by many factors, the patient or his parents should pay attention to many details. CBD, hempseed oil or, if possible, THC in skin care creams are just a few aspects of the treatment. Since other cannabinoids or even terpenes and flavonoids may have soothing effects, as far as possible even a full extract of the cannabis flowers should be selected as an ingredient for the skin cream. Why can CBD help with atopic dermatitis?Cannabidiol is a cannabinoid, which is frequently found in higher concentrations in the cannabis plant and has a very wide range of uses. It can have a calming and sleep-inducing effect. However, it also superficially reduces the misguided immune system, which lessens the response to invading allergens. But also the antibacterial effect and the slowed down bacterial growth can significantly help the patient, if the rugged skin is not affected by further problems. CBC and CBG can also help fight fungal infections should they find their skin reddened and scratched. All this makes CBD an interesting ingredient in skincare creams for the treatment of atopic dermatitis. It could be purchased as an extract on the web to add to a well-considered skin care cream. But it can also be purchased directly a CBD cream for skin treatment. Cannabidiol, like tetrahydrocannabinol, can significantly help with various skin conditions. THC relieves the pain, but has only a regional effect on the external application without causing a high. Follow several approachesAtopic dermatitis is a disease that still leaves many puzzles. Thus, the individual "stress factors" on different patients can have different influence. A diet shift away from saccharified treats to more original and healthier ingredients can be an important treatment step. Also, adding a good vitamin B complex can help. It can also be helpful to mix the hemp seed oil not only under the creams or to use directly hemp seed oil creams. This edible oil or the hemp seeds that contain it should also be part of the daily diet. Hemp seed oil has a very good ratio of omega 6 to omega 3 fatty acids, only then it can optimally help the skin or the body. The hemp seed oil contains alpha-linolenic acid as omega 3 fatty acid with up to approx. 29% of the fatty acids. The linoleic acid as omega 6 fatty acid is 50 to 60%, the oleic acid as omega 9 fatty acid in 10 to 15%. These are very valuable, polyunsaturated essential fatty acids, which, however, are optimal for the body only in the right proportion to each other due to the partly opposite effect. For humans, a ratio of omega 6 to omega 3 fatty acids of 2 to 5 to 1 is very good. This ratio is usually not achieved in the usual diet, already a teaspoon of hemp seed oil or a tablespoon of hemp seed can help the diet, more does not hurt. Furthermore, it may be attempted to use more pleasant textile fabrics and furniture or to use a room air filter with UVC and water purification. Where there are fewer allergens, the defense response may be lower. With a little luck you will grow out of eczema. However, atopic eczema should not be underestimated, as it occurs four to six times more frequently in many industrialized countries than it did 80 years ago. This may not be the peak before the frequency returns to normal. Source: BRUNGERT, Robert. CBD bei Neurodermitis. 30 Apr 2018,. Dostupné z: https://www.hanf-magazin.com/medizin/cannabinoide/cbd-in-der-medizin/cbd-bei-neurodermitis Source photo: https://pixabay.com/cs/ 

CBD effective against migraine

Migraine symptoms and why CBD helps against itMigraine is a Greek word meaning "half skull" - presumably because the other half is disabled by severe pain. Around seven percent of men and 13 percent of women suffer from it. In most cases, migraine occurs more frequently between the ages of 25 and 35, and especially among women. But children and the elderly are not necessarily spared. Frequently, the headache is accompanied by symptoms such as nausea, loss of appetite, sensitivity to light and noise intolerance. Some migraine sufferers also suffer from a seizure before a so-called aura. This means, for example, they have symptoms of paralysis, visual disturbances or other perceptual disorders. In the fight against some of the symptoms CBD has already proven to be an effective remedy. The cannabinoid - as studies and studies have so far revealed - has an analgesic effect. Anandamide is an endocannabinoid, a cannabinoid that the body produces itself. It binds to the vanilloid receptor TRPV1 as well as to the cannabinoid receptor CB1, where it immediately counteracts pain. The administration of CBD now ensures that the anandamide concentration in the human organism does not decrease or even rise so quickly. By keeping the anandamide level up, CBD is directly involved in pain relief. In addition, CBD is known to help against nausea. CBD calms the stomach, suppressing nausea and vomiting. In general, it helps the gastrointestinal tract to regulate its functions and thus to get digestion problems under control. However, it is not very advisable to use cannabidiol for loss of appetite, which is common in migraines, because CBD suppresses appetite according to the state of the art. Another ingredient of the cannabis plant would be of greater benefit here: THC stimulates the appetite. Regarding the intraocular pressure CBD also affects. Perhaps this benefit could have a positive effect on the aura that sometimes precedes a migraine attack. The cannabinoid generally has a balancing effect on the body, relaxes and balances it. Already in advance, the chances of a milder or even absent migraine attack are good if the person concerned regularly takes CBD products. CBD combats migraine causesWhy some people suffer from migraine attacks is not really clear. However, it is clear that there are certain triggers, called triggers, that can cause a seizure. As for the cause of migraine, science currently assumes that brain metabolism is out of balance. In particular, the messengers serotonin, noradrenaline and CGRP (calcitoinin gene-related peptides) are in imbalance. This imbalance has an influence on the sensation of pain in the blood vessels, which are apparently inflamed in the brain of migraine sufferers. This creates the typical headache. Migraine symptoms and why CBD helps against itMigraine is a Greek word meaning "half skull" - presumably because the other half is disabled by severe pain. Around seven percent of men and 13 percent of women suffer from it. In most cases, migraine occurs more often between the ages of 25 and 35, and especially among women. But children and the elderly are not necessarily spared. Frequently, the headache is characterized by symptoms such as nausea, loss of appetite, sensitivity to light and noise intolerance. Some migraine sufferers also suffer from a seizure before a so-called aura. This means, for example, they have symptoms of paralysis, visual disturbances or other perceptual disorders. CBD has already proven to be effective remedy. The cannabinoid - as studies and studies have so far revealed - has an analgesic effect. Anandamide is an endocannabinoid, a cannabinoid that the body itself. It binds to the vanilloid receptor TRPV1 as well as to the cannabinoid receptor CB1, where it immediately counteracts pain. The administration of CBD now ensures that the anandamide concentration in the human organism does not decrease or even rise so quickly. By keeping the anandamide level up, CBD is directly involved in pain relief. In addition, CBD is known to help against nausea. CBD calms the stomach, suppressing nausea and vomiting. In general, it helps the gastrointestinal tract to regulate its functions and thus to get digestion problems under control. However, it is not very advisable to use cannabidiol for loss of appetite, which is common in migraines, because CBD suppresses appetite according to the state of the art. Another ingredient of the cannabis plant: THC stimulates the appetite. Regarding the intraocular pressure CBD so affects. Perhaps this benefit could have a positive effect on the aura that sometimes precedes a migraine attack. The cannabinoid has a balancing effect on the body, relaxes and balances it. Already in advance, the chances of a mild or even absentee attack are good. CBD combats migraine causesWhy some people suffer from migraine attacks is not really clear. However, it is clear that there are certain triggers, called triggers, that can cause a seizure. As for the cause of migraine, science is currently in the brain metabolism is out of balance. In particular, the messengers serotonin, noradrenaline and CGRP (calcitoinin gene-related peptides) are in imbalance. This imbalance has an influence on the sensation of pain in the blood vessels, which are apparently inflamed in the brain of migraine sufferers. This creates the typical headache. Source: SOMMER, Kathrin. CBD effective against migraine. 1 [online].22 Apr 2018. Dostupné z: https://www.hanf-magazin.com/medizin/cannabinoide/cbd-in-der-medizin/cbd-wirksam-gegen-migraene/ Source photo: https://pixabay.com/cs/